Thursday, December 4, 2014

Czech history timeline - updated

There are several dates which should be remembered because of importance to our ancestors lives. This post was inspired by Czech genealogy website of Lukáš Pěnkava - I have ommited some of the dates and added others as I see some more important. This timeline can be very useful for writing family history. It covers years 1526 to 1918.

1526 Czech lands became part of Hapsburg monarchy, Ferdinand I elected as Czech king
1531 Oldest parish book in Pilsen State Regional Archives
1545 Council of Trent - estabilished duty to keep parish books
1558 Oldest parish book in Litoměřice State Regional Archives
1564 Maxmilian II elected as Czech king
1571 Oldest parish book in Land Archives in Opava
1573 Oldest parish book in Prague State Regional Archives
1576 Rudolph II elected as Czech king
1579 Oldest parish book in Moravian Land Archives in Brno
1584 Oldest parish book in Prague Municipal Archives
1587 Oldest parish book in Třeboň and Zámrsk State Regional Archives
1611 Matthew II elected as Czech king
1618 Beginning of Thirty Years' War
1619 Ferdinand II and Frederick Palatine were elected as Czech kings
1620 Battle of White Mountain
1637 Ferdinand III elected as Czech king
1648 End of Thirty Years' War
1651 List of Serfs according to Faith created
1654 First registry of Roll of Assessment in Bohemia began (ended 1656)
Catholic religion as the only religion in Czech lands
1656 First Hide Registry assessment in Moravia began (ended 1657)
1657 Leopold I elected as Czech king
1669 Second Hide Registry assessment in Moravia began (ended 1679)
1684 Second Roll of Assessment in Bohemia
1703 First census in Czech history
1705 Joseph I elected as Czech king
1711 Charles VI elected as Czech king
1713 Last "Black Death" epidemy in monarchy
1740 Maria Theresia became Czech queen; beginning of War of Austrian Succession
1748 End of War of Austrian Succession
1764 First military survey of Hapsburg monarchy (ended 1768)
1768 Duty to keep military parish books
1770 Houses in the monarchy numbered with the descriptive numbers
Instruction about stable surnames issued
1771-1772 Great famine - 1/10 of Czech population died; potatoes production increased by hundred of percents after the famine
1780 Joseph II elected as Czech king
1782 Edict of Tolerance
1784 Parish books as public document; transformation of parish books
1790 Leopold II elected as Czech king
1792 Francis II elected as Czech king
1799 Duty to keep duplicates of parish books (Bohemia)
1804 Francis II declared to be Austrian Emperor under the name Francis I
1817 Issued an edict which gave base to the Stabile Cadaster survey
1829 Protestant churches allowed to keep parish books by law (they kept them before, but had no duty to do so)
1831-1832 Huge epidemy of cholera
1835 Ferdinand V crowned as Czech king
1836 Second military survey of Hapsburg monarchy (ended 1852)
1848 Franz Joseph I became Czech king
1849 Administrative reform of Austrian part of Hapsburg monarchy - villages becase independent, serfdom cancelled
Protestant parish books are also public document; protestants not anymore written in catholic books
1866 War with Prussia; huge epidemy of cholera
1867 Hapsburg monarchy divided to Austrian and Hungarian part
1914 Beginning of WWI
1916 Charles I became Czech king
1918 End of WWI
Creation of Czechoslovakia

Emperor Joseph II. plowing during his visit in Slavíkovice


  1. Thanks. This is great. I have St. George Catholic Kirchenbuch records of the descendants of Martin Gerstner b 1700 in (Becov Nad Teplou, Karlovy Vary, Bohemia) Petschau, Karlsbad, Bohemia, Austria. Are there any records earlier than that for residents of this vallage?
    Our family names in German are Gerstner, Haintzman, Mayer, Vogl, Gerston, Stowasser. Frank Gerstner b 1809 and wife, Maria Anna Stowasser b 1810 removed to Pittsburgh, Allegheny, PA, USA about 1850.

  2. I love the drawing Blanka! What an interesting subject!

  3. I'm just now watching a show about the little ice age and they mentioned that Europe latched on to potatoes because they grew underground and therefore were not burned by the enimies. How interesting.