South-eastern Moravia was left by quite a large number of people heading to the U.S. They were looking for a better life, better living conditions as well as land to own. Some of them succeeded, some of them not that much. Anyway, some of these people were from Žeraviny, small town not far away from Hroznová Lhota or Kněždub (links go to the blog posts about immigration from these two towns).
Žeraviny on map from 3rd Military Survey. Source: Laboratory of geoinformatics.
wrote a post about priests - but those are not the only people
mentioned in the parish books. Another "unimportant" name you can find
there is a midwife's name.
started to be mentioned in parish books after 1780 and later they were
distinguished as certified and non-certified. Certified midwives had to
complete a university course and have certain qualities - but it doesn't
necessarily mean they were preferred by families or that uncertified
midwives provided much worse care.
I explained what's an estate, in the previous blog post. But we have to start much deeper in the history to understand this system.
Hluboká castle and town on a map from the first half of 18th century. Source: State Regional Archive in Třeboň.
the land in the historical Czech lands was originally owned by the King. The King then
gave the authority to administer the estate to his tenants - it could
have been a nobleman (prince, count, knight), the church or a royal
town (such as Prague, Písek, Hradec Králové; there will be another blog
post about royal towns too).
There is quite a
lot of data that can be found in parish books and are often ignored
and/or might confuse the researcher - most common is a situation when
the word after mother's first name is thought to be her surname but it
is not, because surnames of mothers were not that important and the
record simply proceeds to further information.
Michaela made a list of those data and also suggested how to use them, if possible. Here is the first blog post about priests.