I promised to write a post about Stabile cadaster maps and mapping so here it is. It provides information about stabile cadaster - what it was, why it was done, when and so on - as well as information about maps - where to find them, what types of maps are available and so on. So, let's take a look on it!
What, when and why?
Stabile cadaster (stabilní katastr in Czech) was a set of information about all land types in Hapsburg monarchy. Mapping of stabile cadaster was done in first half of 19th century during the reign of Franz I. and the reason to do such mapping was quite simple - to have enough information to assess real estate duties.
Bohemia was mapped during years 1826-1843, Moravia during years 1824-1836. Cadastral maps with scale 1:2880 were created during this mapping which provide basis to Czech cadaster till today. There are two different types of them available - imperial maps and indicator sketches.
Indicator sketches were working sheets where overall situation was mapped. They contain both plot and house numbers as well as names of the owners. Imperial maps are final product of the cadaster and contain only plot numbers. It's clear that indicator sketches are a little treasure for anyone who is interested in genealogy. :)
Where to find them?
Maps of Bohemia are stored in the National Archives in Prague, maps of Moravia and Silesia in Moravian Land Archives in Brno. And both are available online from http://archivnimapy.cuzk.cz. As the website is available in Czech only I've prepared a guide to it. All you are going to need is proper name of your ancestors' village (including diacritis so the best way is to copy-paste it) and lot of time...
Once you get to the website you see the screen as above. Choose the first box, Stabilní katastr.
You will get a map of the Czech Republic - of course, you can zoom in and search for the village but there are easier ways how to get there. One of the is using a geoname - proper name of the village is needed, including diacritics, so prepare for it!
Click on the dropbox menu in the top left corner of the page.
It will list several options, you choose the one which is marked by blue field in the picture above - Názvy - Geonames Česká republika.
Search field will appear to the right from the dropbox - fill in the village name and press enter or click on Vyhledat button.
I chose Radíkov for my purpose as there are all map types available in that area. You'll get a search result - sometimes it shows one or two results, sometimes it lists tens of possibilities. It will also show a map of the Czech Republic with light blue dots showing there the places mentioned in the search result are located.
Once you are sure you have the correct one (use information about district - okr. in Czech - and region - kraj in Czech - to be sure you have the right one), click on a magnifier in front of the name (marked by red circle in the picture above).
It will zoom in the area where the village is located. Each village has its own cadastral area which is marked by the brown border.
You see four types of maps in my example - each of them marked by different color. See the picture above to find out what color means which type(s).
Now you need to get to the old map itself. In the right menu choose a symbol of "i" as information (see in the red circle in the picture above). The mouse arrow will slightly change - a question mark should appear next to it.
When you click on the link, new window will appear showing several possibilities: skica - indicator sketch; přehl. - overview of the imperial maps (they were divided into several parts, often four or six map sheets); otisky - imperial maps (use overview to locate where the village is on the map); katastr - current cadastral maps.
When you click on the picture next to skica, new window will appear again. This time it led me to the Moravian Land Archives which has its own browsing system. Now you can work with the map, zoom in and out and try to find out information about your ancestors. And I think I'll write another blog post about content of the maps because this blog post is already quite long. :)