Monday, July 2, 2012

History of villages: Dehtáře, Bohemia

Small village Dehtáře is located in Pelhřimov district in the Vysočina region, near the main road connecting towns Humpolec and Pelhřimov. Its name comes from the word dehet, which means tar. Dehtář was a tar maker, ie. this village was originally place where tar makers lived and worked. 

Dehtáře location in the Czech Republic (Source: Mapy.cz)

The first written notice about the village comes from 1379, but it is said that the village was founded in 12th century. The village was part of Červená Řečice domain and is mentioned in the tax registers for this domain which shows us the taxes paid by local farmers. Červená Řečice domain belonged to the church until the Hussite wars.

 Tourist map of Dehtáře (Source: Mapy.cz)

There were many owners of the domain and Dehtáře village between 1420 and 1620. Jan from Říčany, who owned the domain at the time of Bílá Hora battle, was a part of the Czech uprising against Hapsburg, therefor he lost his property after 1620. The village then belonged to the Prague archdiocese until the administrative reform in 1848.

The village is used today mainly for individual recreation. There are not too many houses today and only about 35 inhabitants. Chapel of the Virgin Mary which was built in the neo-rennaisance style is located in the centre of the village. Photos of the village are available here: http://www.obec-dehtare.cz/fotografie/

Here is information from the censuses about the number of inhabitants and houses during the years:

1869188018901900191019211930195019611970198019912001
People 158 164 140 132 140 135 117 74 72 56 41 38 35
Houses 26 28 28 22 22 20 19 19 15 13 12 13 13
Source: Statistic book called "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky" (Historical lexicon of the Czech Republic villages)

 Map from 2nd military mapping (1836-1852, source: Mapy.cz).

Genealogical information
Dehtáře belongs under Chvojnov parish which is under administration of SRA Třeboň. Parish books are available online: http://digi.ceskearchivy.cz/cs/4197, births from 1627 to 1904, marriages from 1653 to 1902 and deaths from 1667 to 1909.

Some records for Dehtáře are also available in the Mladé Bříště parish where part of the Dehtáře houses belonged between 1707 and 1784.

Surnames in Dehtáře between 1784 and 1811 (excerpt from the Dehtáře birth registry): Bartoška, Blažek, Brtnický, Dolejší, Dolní, Dub, Farka, Hovorka, Janoušek, Kouba, Král, Kříž, Macháček, Matourek, Myslivec, Sakl, Slabý, Šimanovský, Trefil, Tůma, Urbík, Vaněček, Vomastek, Vondráček, Zajíček, Zeman, Zíka

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